HIST 13184: History University Seminar (Murray)


Reference tools provide background information, the who, what, where and when -- and a bit of the how and why -- for any historical topic. They include subject and biographical dictionaries and encyclopedias, almanacs, chronologies, directories and atlases. Many, especially dictionaries and encyclopedias, are now available online. Many others, especially historical atlases and chronologies are still only available in print.



Selected examples of print reference sources.  All titles are located in the General Reference Collection (1st floor, Hesburgh Library).  Browsing the reference collection using the examples listed below as starting points can be very effective.

  • Annual Register... 1758 - Hesburgh Library General Collection D 2 .An78 & Hesb Ref
  • Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, (60 vols) 2004. Hesb Ref  DA 28 .O95 2004
  • Dictionary of American History, 3rd Ed., (14 vols) 2003. Hesb Ref  E 174 .D52 2003
  • Encyclopedia of American Facts and Dates  E 174.5 .C31997




Examples of specialized atlases available in the Hesburgh Library Reference Collection.  The Libraries also have a collection of large, detailed maps published by various U.S. government agencies.

  • The Routledge atlas of African American history  E 185 .E125 2000
  • Historical atlas of the United States  G 1201 .S1 H57 2003
  • Times Atlas of World History  Atlas Oversize Cases  G 1030 .T54 1994
Last Update: February 26, 2013 17:36 | Tagged with: history introduction method methodology research