POLS 43002: Junior Seminar: Are Post-Race Politics Possible?

Background Information

Reference tools provide background information for any topic. They include subject and biographical dictionaries and encyclopedias, almanacs, chronologies, directories and atlases. Many are now available online. However, other sources like historical atlases and chronologies are only available in print.


  • Blackwell reference online
  • CQ Press Electronic Library 
  • CQ Press Electronic Library (CQEL) is the definitive reference resource for research in American government, politics, history, public policy, and current affairs. The suite includes the online version of the CQ Researcher, CQ Weekely, and the CQ Political Reference Suite.
  • Encyclopaedia Britannica online
  • Oxford reference online Premium
  • Wikipedia
    • Wikipedia can be a great quick help in identifying the "who, what, when and where" of any given issue -- subject to later verification. Librarians use it all the time. However, it can be highly suspect when it comes to "how and why" questions especially those concerning intense conflicts. Use it -- but use it with caution!


Selected examples of print reference sources.  All titles are located in the General Reference Collection (1st floor, Hesburgh Library).  Browsing the reference collection using the examples listed below as starting points can be very effective.

  • The Statesman's Yearbook.  JA51 .ST29
  • [CIA] World Fact Book.  Documents Center, SuDoc (Lower Level Hesburgh) - PREX 3.15

Numeric/Statistical Data


Last Update: March 13, 2013 10:21